श्रीराम जय राम जय जय राम, শ্ৰীৰাংজয়ৰাংজয়জয়ৰাং, শ্রীরাম জয় রাম জয় জয় রাম , શ્રીરામ જય રામ જયજય રામ, ಶ್ರೀರಾಮಜಯರಾಮಜಯಜಯರಾಮ, ശ്രിറാം ജയ് റാം ജയ്‌ ജയ് റാം, శ్రీరాంజయరాంజయజయరాం

कर्मयोग: Chapter 3

अथतृतीयोध्यायः    कर्मयोग

अर्जुनउवाच ;-ज्यायसी  चेत्कर्मणस्ते  मताबुद्धिर्जनार्दन।तत्किंकर्मणिघोरेमांनियोजयसिकेशव  ॥१॥

Arjuna said;-Krisna,  if you consider Knowledge as superior to Action why then do you urge me to this dreadful action, Keshava ?

व्यामिश्रेणॆववाक्येनबुद्धिंमोहमसीवमे।  तदेकंवदनिश्चित्य  येनश्रेयोनुमाप्नुयात्॥२॥

You are as it were , puzzling my mind by these seemingly involved expressions.; therefore tell me definitely the one discipline by which I may obtain the highest good.

श्रीभगवानुवाचलोकेस्मिन्द्विविधानिष्ठापुराप्रोक्तामयान्घ।ज्ञानयोगेनसांख्यानांकर्मयोगेनयोगिनांम्  ॥३॥

Sri Bhagavan said ;-Arjuna in this world two courses of Sadhana (spiritual discipline )   have been enunciated by Me in the past.In the case of the Sankhyayogi,  the Sadhana proceeds along the path of knowledge, whereas in the case of Karmayogi ,it proceeds along the path of Action.

नकर्मणामनारंभान्नैष्कर्म्यंपुरुषॊश्नुते।नचसंन्यसनादेव    सिद्धिंसमधिगच्छति॥४॥

Man does not attain  freedom from action  (culmination of the discipline  of Action), without entering upon action ;  nor does he reach perfection  (culmination of the discipline  of Knowledge),merely by ceasing to act.

नहिकश्चित्क्षणमपि  जातुतिष्ठत्यकर्मणः।कार्यतेह्यवशःकर्मसर्वःप्रकृतिजैर्गुणैः  ॥५॥

Surely none can ever remain inactive even for a moment. ; for everyone is helpessly driven  to action by nature- born qualities.

कर्मेन्द्रियाणिसंयम्ययआस्तेमनसास्मरन्।इन्द्रियार्थान्   विमूढात्मा  मिथ्याचारःसउच्यते॥६॥

He who outwardly restraining the organs of sense and action, sits mentally dwelling on the objects of senses,  that man of deluded intellect, is called a hypocrite.

यस्त्विन्द्रियाणि  मनसा  नियम्यारभतेर्जुन।कर्मेन्द्रियैःकर्मयोगमसक्तः    सविशिष्यते॥७॥

On the other hand he who controlling the organs of senses and action, by the power of his will, and remaining un attached, undertake the Yoga of Action through those organs, Arjuna, he excels.

नियतंकुरुकर्मत्वं  कर्मज्याय्पो  ह्यकर्मणः।श्रीरयात्रापि  चतेनप्रसिद्ध्येदकर्मणः॥८॥

Therefore do you perform your allotted duty ; for action is superior  to inaction, Desisting from action ,you cannot even maintain your body.

यज्ञार्थात्कर्मणॊन्यत्र  लोकोयंक्र्मबन्धनः  ।तदर्थंकर्मकौन्तेय  मुक्तसङ्गः   समाचर॥९॥

Man is bound by own action except when it is performed for the sake of sacrifice;  Therefore Arjuna do you efficiently perform your duty, free from attachment, for the sake of sacrifice alone.

सहयज्ञः  प्रजाः  सृष्ट्वापुरोवाचप्रजापतिः।अनेनप्रसविष्यध्वमेष    वोस्त्विष्टकामधुक्॥१०॥

Having created vmankind along with the spirit of  sacrifice at the beginning of creation the Creator ,Brahma said to them, ~~You shall prosper by this, ; may this yield the enjoyment you seek.”

देवान्  भावयतानेनतेदेवाभावयन्तुवः।परस्परंभावयन्तः  श्रॆयःपरमवाप्स्यथ    ॥११॥

`Foster the gods through this (sacrifice), and let the gods be gracious to you. Each fostering  other disinterestedly , you will attain the highest good.

इष्टानभोगान्हिवोदेवादास्यन्ते   यक्षभाविताः    तैर्दत्तानप्रदायैभ्योयोभुङ्क्ते  स्तेनएवसः॥१२॥

Fostered by sacrifice , the gods will surely bestow  on you unasked all the desired enjoyments,”He who enjoys the gifts bestowed by them, , without giving them in return ,is undoubtedly a thief.

यज्ञशिष्टाशिनःसन्तोमुच्यन्ते  सर्वकिल्बिषैः।भुञ्जतेत्वघंपापायेपचन्त्यात्मकारणात्॥१३।|

The virtuous who partake of what is leftover  after sacrifice  are obsolved of all sins. Those sinful ones  who cook for the sake of  nourishing their body, alone eat only sin.

अन्नाद्भवतिभूतानिपर्जन्यादन्नसम्भवः।यज्ञाद्भवतिपर्जन्यो  यज्ञः  कर्मसमुद्भवः  ॥१४॥

All beings are evolved from food;  production of food is dependent on rain, rain ensues from sacrifice; and sacrifice is rooted  in prescribed action

कर्मब्रह्मोद्भवंविद्धिब्रह्माक्षरसमुद्भवम्  ।तस्मात्सर्वगतं   ब्रह्म  नित्यंयज्ञेप्रतिष्ठितम्  ॥१५।।

Know that prescribed action has its origin in the Vedas,and the Vedas proceed from the indestructible (God), hence the all pervading Infinite  is always present in sacrifice.

एवंप्रवर्तितुंचक्रंनानुवर्तयतीहयः।  अघायुरिन्द्रियारामोमोघंपार्थसजीवति॥१६॥

Arjuna he who does not follow  the wheel of creation  thus set going  in this world,  (e.i. does not perform his duties,),sinfulmand sensual, he lives in vain.

यस्त्वात्मरतिरेव    स्यादात्मतृप्तश्चमानवः  ।आत्मन्येवच  सन्तुष्टस्तस्य  कार्यंनविद्यते॥१७॥

He, however , who takes delight in the  Self alone and is gratified with  the Self, and is contented in the Self, ,has no duty.

नैवतस्यकृतेनार्थो  नाकृतॆनेहक्श्चन     नचास्यसर्वभूतेषु     कश्चिदर्थ  व्यपाश्रयः  ॥१८॥

In this world that great soul has no use whatsoever for things done nor for things not done; nor has he selfish  dependance of any kind on any creature.

तस्मादसक्तःसततं  कार्यंकर्मसमाचर।असक्तोह्याचरन्  कर्म  परमाप्नोतिपूरुषः॥  १९।|

Therefore go on efficiently doing your duty, without attachment;Doing work without attachmemt man attains the Supreme.

कर्मणैवहिसंसिद्धिमास्थिता   जनकादयः।लोकसंग्रहमेवापिसम्पश्यन्  कर्तुमर्हसि॥२०॥

It is through action, (without attachment), alone that Janaka  and other wisemen reached perfection, Having an eye to maintainance of the world order too you should take to action.

यद्यदाचरतिश्रेष्ठतत्तदेवेतरोजनः।सयत्प्रमाणंकुरुते  लोकस्तदनुवर्तते॥२१॥

For whatever a great man does, , that very thing other men also do; whatever standard he sets up , the generality of men follow the same.

नमेपार्थास्तिकर्तव्यं  त्रिषुलोकेषुकिंचन।नानवाप्तमवाप्तव्यंवर्तएवचकर्मणि॥२२॥

Arjuna, there is nothing in the three worlds for Me todo; nor is there anything worth attaining unattained by  Me ; yet I continue to work.

यदिह्यहंनवर्तेयंजातुकर्मण्यतन्द्रितः।ममवर्त्मानुवर्तन्ते  मनुष्याःपार्थसर्वशः॥२३॥

Should I engage in action, scrupulously at any time, great harm will come tothe world., for Arjuna, men follow My way in all matters.

उत्सीदेयुरिमेलोकानकुर्यांकर्मचेदहम्।संकरस्यचकर्तास्यामुपहन्यामिमाःप्रजाः।\२४।\

If I cease to act ,these worlds will perish; nay I should prove to be, the cause of confusion ;and of the destruction of these people.

सक्ताःकर्मण्यविद्वांसोयथाकुर्वन्तिभारत।कुर्याद्विद्वांस्तथासक्तश्चिकीर्षुर्लोकसंग्रहम्  \२५॥

Arjuna as the unwise act with attachment, so should the wiseman, seeking maintainence of the world order , act without attachment.

नबुद्धिभॆदं  जनयेदज्ञानांकर्मसङ्गिनाम्।जोषयेत्सर्वकर्म्,आणि  विद्वानयुक्तःसमचरन्॥२६॥

A wise man established in the Self should not unsettle the mind, of the ignorant, attached to action, but should get them to perform all their duties,duly perform his own duties.

प्रकृतेः  क्रियमाणानिगुणैः  कर्मणिसर्वशः।अहंकारविमूढात्मा  कर्ताहमितिमन्यते॥२७॥

All actions are being performed by the modes of Prakriti, (Primordial matter), The fool, whose mind is deluded by, egoism, thinks;-~~“I am the doer”

तत्त्ववित्तुमहाबाहो  गुणकर्मविभागयोः।गुणगुणॆषुवर्तन्त  इतिमत्वानसज्जते॥   २८॥

He, however, who has true insight  into the respective spheres of Gunas (modes of Prakriti), and their acrtions,holding that it is the Gunas,(in the spheres of the senses , mind etc., that move among the Gunas,(objects of perception),does not get attached  to them, Arjuna.

प्रकृतेर्गुणसंमूढाः    सज्जन्तेगुणकर्मसु।तानकृत्स्नविदो  मन्दान्  कृत्स्नविन्न  विचालयेत॥२९।।

Those who are completely deluded by the Gunas (modes), of Prakriti, remain attached to those Gunas and actions ;  the man of perfect Knowledge, should not unsettle the mind of those,insufficiently knowing fools.

मयिसर्वाणिकर्माणि  सन्यस्याध्यात्मचेतसा  ।निराशीर्निर्ममो  भूत्वा  युध्यस्व  विगतज्वरः।\३०॥

Therefore dedicating all actions to Me, with your mind fixed on Me, the Self of all, freed from hope and the feeling of meum and cured of mental fever , fight.

येमेमतमिदं  नित्यमनुतिष्ठन्तिमानवाः।श्रद्धावन्तानुसूयन्तो  मुच्यन्तेतेपिकर्मभिः॥३१॥

Even those men who ,with an uncavilling and devout mind ,always follow this, teaching of Mine,are released from the bondage of all actions.

येत्वेतदभ्यसूयन्तो  नानुतिष्ठन्तिमेमतम्  ।सर्वज्ञानविमूढांस्त्वान्  विद्धिन्ष्टानचेतसः॥३२॥

They, however,who, finding fault this teachingsc of Mine , do not follow it, take those fools to be deluded in the matter of all knowlewdge and lost.

 सदृशंचेष्टतेस्वस्याः  प्रकृतेर्ज्ञानवानपि।प्रकृतिंयान्तिभूतानि  निग्रहंकिंकरिष्यति॥३३॥

All living creaturesfollow there tendencies,even the wise man acts according to the tendencies, of his own nature.What use is any external  restraint ?

इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे  रागद्वेषौव्यवस्थितौ  ।तयोर्नवशमागच्छॆत्तौ  ह्यस्यपरिप्न्थिनौ॥३४॥    

Attractions and repulsions are rooted in all sense objects, Man should never allow himself to be swayed by them ,because they are the two principle enemies,standing in the way of his redemption.

श्रेयान्स्वधर्मोविगुणः  परधर्मात्स्वनुष्ठितात्  ।स्वधर्मेनिधनंश्रॆयः  परधर्मोभयावहः॥३५।।

One’s own duty though devoid of merit ,is preferable to the duty of another well performed, Even death in the performance of one’s own  duty brings blessedness ; another;’s duty is frought wth fear.

 अर्जुनउवाचअथकेनप्रयुक्तोयं  पापंचरतिपूरुषः  ।अनिच्छन्नपिवार्ष्णॆयबलादिवनियोजितः।\३६॥

Arjuna said, “Now impelled by what  ,Krisna, does this man commit  sin even involuntarily as though driven by force.

श्रीभगवानुवाचकामऎषक्रोधएषःरजॊगुणसमुद्भवः     महाशनोमहापाप्माविद्ध्यॆनमिहवैरिणम्॥३७।।

Sri Bhagavan said;-It is desire begotten of the element of Rajas,which appears as wrath ; nay it is insatiable, and grossly wicked.Know this to be the enemy in this case.

धूमेनाव्रियतेवह्निर्यथादर्शोमलेनच।यथोल्बेनावृतोगर्भस्तथा  तेनेदमावृतम्॥३८॥

As a flame is covered by smoke, mirror by dirt, and embriyo by the amnion, so is Knowledge  covered by it.(desire).

आवृतंज्ञानमेतेनज्ञानिनोनित्यवैरिणा।कामरूपेणकौन्तेय  दुष्पूरॆणानलेनच।।३९।|

And , Arjuna, Knowledge stands covered by the external enemy of the wise known as  desire,which is insatiable like fire.

इन्द्रियाणिमनोबुद्धिरस्याधिष्ठानमुच्यते।एतैर्विमोहयत्येषज्ञानमावृत्यदेहिनम्॥४०॥

The senses ,the mind, and the intellect are declared to be its seat;screening the light of Truth,through these, it (desire) deludes the embodied soul.

तस्मात्वमिन्द्रियाण्यादौनियम्यभरतर्षभ।   पाप्मानंप्रजहिह्येनं  ज्ञानविज्ञाननाशनम्॥४१।।

Therefore , Arjuna,you must first control your senses and then kill this evil thing, which obstructs Jnana(Knowledge of the absoluteor Nirguna Brahma), amd Vijnana (Knowledge of Sakara Brahma  or manifest Divinity).

इन्द्रियाणिपराण्याहुःइन्द्रियेभ्यःपरंमनः।  मनसस्तुपराबुद्धिर्यो  बुद्धेः     परतस्तुसः॥४२॥

The senses are said to be greater than body, ; but greater than the senses is the mind;  Greater than the mind is the intellect;  and what is greater than the intellect is he. (the Self).

एवंबुद्धेपरंबुद्ध्वा     संस्तभ्यात्मान्मात्मना।जहिशतृंमहाबाहो  कामरूप्पंदुरासदंम्॥४३॥

Thus, Arjuna, knowing that which is higfer than the intellect and subduing the mind by reason, kill this enemy in the form of Desire that is hard to overcome.

 तत्सदितिश्रीमद्भगवद्गीतासुउप्निषत्सुब्रह्मविद्यायांयोगशास्त्रेश्रीकृष्णार्जुनसंवादेकर्मयोगोनामतृतीयॊध्यायः.

Thus in the Upanishad sung by the Lord,the Science of Brahma, the Scripture of Yoga, the dialogue between Sri Krisna and Arjuna, ends the third chapter, entitled  ~~Karmayoga, or the Yoga of Action.