श्रीराम जय राम जय जय राम, শ্ৰীৰাংজয়ৰাংজয়জয়ৰাং, শ্রীরাম জয় রাম জয় জয় রাম , શ્રીરામ જય રામ જયજય રામ, ಶ್ರೀರಾಮಜಯರಾಮಜಯಜಯರಾಮ, ശ്രിറാം ജയ് റാം ജയ്‌ ജയ് റാം, శ్రీరాంజయరాంజయజయరాం

आत्मसंयमयोगः Chapter 6

  अथ षष्ठॊध्यायः  आत्मसंयमयोगः  6th chapter The Yoga of self -control.

श्री  भगवानुवाच ;-अनाश्रितः कर्मफलं  कर्मकरोति यः । स संन्यासीच योगी च  निरग्निर्नचाक्रियः ॥१॥

Sri Bhagavan said;-He who does his duty without expecting the fruit, of actions is a Sanyasi (Sankhyayogi),and a Yogi (Karmayogi), both.He is no Sanyasi (renouncer ) who has merely renounced the sacred fire ; even so he is no Yogi who has merely given up all acrtivity.

यं संन्यासमिति  प्राहुः योगं तं विद्धि पाण्डव । न ह्यसंन्यस्त  संकल्पो   योगी भवति कश्चन ।।  २॥

Arjuna you must know that  what they call Sannyasa is no other than Yoga; for none becomes a Yogi ,who has not given up thoughts of the world.

आरुरुक्षोर्मुने योगं  कर्म कारणमुच्यते ।योगारूढस्य   तस्यैव  शमः कारणमुच्यते ॥३।।

To the contemplative sou;l who desires to climb to the heights of Karma yoga disinteresred action is spoken of as the stepping stone; for the same man when he is established in Yoga absence of all thoughts of the world is said to be  the way to blessedness.

यदा हि नॆन्द्रियार्थेषु  न कर्मस्वनुषज्जते ।  सर्वसंकल्पसंन्यासी  यॊगारूढस्तदोच्यते ॥४॥

When a man ceases to have any attachment  either for the objects of senses or for actions and has renounced all thoughts of the world he is said to have climbed to the heigts of Yo ga.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं  नात्मानमवसादयेत् ।आत्मैनह्यात्मनो बन्धुः आत्मैव रिपुरात्मनः ॥५॥

One should lift oneself by one’s own efforts and should not degrade oneself; for ones own self is ones friend and ones own self is ones enemy.

बन्धुरात्मामनस्तस्य येनात्मैवात्मना जितः ।अनात्मनस्तु  शतृत्वे  वर्ते तात्मैव शतृवत् ॥६॥

 Ones own self is the friend of the soul by whom the lower self (consisting the mind, senses and body;  ) has been conquered his lower self behaves inimically like an enemy.

जितात्मनः प्रशान्तस्य परमात्मा समाहितः ।शीतोष्ण सुखदुःखेषु तथा मानापमानयोः ॥७॥

The Supreme Spirit is rooted in the Knowledge of the self controlled  man whose mind is perfectly serene  in the midst of pairs of opposites  such as cold and heat  ,joy and sorrow  ,and honour and ignominy.

ज्ञानविज्ञान तृप्तात्मा कूटस्थो विजितेन्द्रियः ।युक्त इत्युच्चर्ते  योगी समलोष्टाश्मकाञ्चनः ॥८।।

The Yogi whose mind is csated with Jnana (Knowledge of Nirguna Brahma) and Vijnana (Knowledge of manifest Divinity). who is unmoved under all circumstances .whose senses are completely mastered  and to whom earth  ,stone and gold are all alike  is  spoken of as a God-realised  soul.

सुहृन्मित्रार्युदासीनमध्यस्थद्वेष्यबन्धुषु ।साधुष्वपि  च पापेषु समबुद्धिर्विशिष्यते ॥९॥

He who looks upon well-wishers and neutrals as well as mediators  friends and foes  relatives and objects of hatred  the virtous and the sinful with the same eye stands supreme.

यॊगी युञ्जीतसततं   आत्मानं रहसि स्थितः ।एकाकी यतचित्तात्मा निराशीरपरिग्रहः ॥१०॥

Living in seclusion  all by himself  , the Yogi who has  controlled his mind and body  and is free from desires  and void of  possessions should constantly engage his mind in meditation.

शुचौदॆशॆ प्रतिष्ठास्थिरमासन मात्मनः ।नात्युच्छ्रितं नातिनीचं  चैलाजिनकुशॊत्तरम् ॥११॥

Having firmly placed his seat in a spot mind which is free from dirt  and other impurities  with the sacred Kusa grass  ,a deer skin , and a cloth spread there on one beliw another  (Kusa below,  deerskin in the middle and cloth uppermost), neither very high nor very low.

तत्रैकाग्रं मनः कृत्वा यतचित्तेन्द्रियक्रियः । उपविश्यासने  युञ्ज्याद्योगमात्मविशुद्धये ॥१२॥

And occupying  that seat  concentrating the mind  and cotrolling the functions of the mind and senses  , he should practice Yoga for self purification.

समं काय शिरॊग्रीवं धारयन्नचलं स्थिरः । संप्रॆक्ष्यनासिकाग्रं  स्वं  दिशश्चानवलोकयन् ॥१३॥

Holding the trunk ,head and neck straight and steady, remaining firm and fixing the gaze on the  tip of his nose ,without looking in other directions. 

प्रशान्तात्मा विगतभीः  ब्रह्मचारिव्रते स्थितः ।मनः संयम्य म्च्चित्तो युक्तआसीत मत्परः ॥१४॥

Firm in the vow of complete chastity and fearless ,keeping himself perfectly calm and and with the mind held in restraint and  fixed on Me, the vigilant Yogi should sit absorbed in Me.

 युञ्जन्नेवं सदात्मानं  योगी नियतमानसः । शान्ति निर्वाण परमां मत्संस्थामधिगच्छति ॥१५।॥

Thus constantly applying his mind to Me, the Yogi of disciplined mind attains the everlasting  Peace  consisting of Supreme Bliss,  which abides in Me.  

नात्यश्नतस्तु  योगोसि  न चैकान्तमनश्नतः ।न चातिस्वप्नशीलस्य  जाग्रतो नैवचार्जुन ॥१६॥

Arjuna this Yoga is neither foe him who overeats ,nor for him who  observes complete fast;  it is neither for him  who is given to too much  sleep nor even for him who  is ceaselessly awake.

युक्ताहारविहारस्य  युक्तचॆष्टस्य कर्मसु । युक्तस्वप्नावबोधस्थ  योगोभवति दुखहा ॥१७॥

Yoga which rids one of woe;is accomplished only by him who is  regulated in diet  and recreation, regulated in performing actions and regulated in sleep and wakefulness.

यदाविनियतं चित्तं  आत्मन्येवावतिष्ठते  ।निःस्पृहः सर्वकामेभ्यो  युक्त ह्युच्यते सदा ॥१८ ॥

When the mind which is thoroughly  disciplined gets reveted on God alone  then the person who is free from  yearning for all enjoyments  is said to be established in Yoga.

यथादीपो निवातस्थो  नेङगता सॊपमा स्मृता ।स् व्योगिनो यतचित्तस्य  युञजतो योगमात्मनः ॥१९॥

As a light does not flicker in a windless place  ,such is stated to be the picture of the disciplined  mind of the Yogi, practising meditation, on God.

यत्रोपरमते चित्तं  निरुद्धं योगसेवया ।यत्र चैवात्मनात्मानं पश्यन्नात्मनि तुष्यति ॥२० ॥

The state in which curbed through the practise of Yoga the mind becomes still,  and in which realizing God through subtle reason  (purified by meditation on God ), the soul rejoices only in God.

सुखमात्यन्तिकं  यत्तद् बुद्धिग्राह्यमतीन्द्रियम्  । वेत्ति यत्रन चैवायं  स्थितश्चलति तत्त्वतः ॥२१॥

Nay, in which  the soul experiences the eternal and supersensuous joy  which can be apprehended only through subtle  and purified intellect, and wherein established  the said Yogi, moves not from Truth,  on any account.

यं लब्ध्वा चापरं लाभं मन्यते नाधिकं ततः ।यस्मिन् स्थितोन दुखेन  गुरूणापि विचाल्यते ॥२२॥

And having reckoned which he does not reckon  any other gain as greater than that and established in which he is not shaken  even by the heaviest of sorrows.

तं विद्याद्  दुःखसंयोगवियोगं  योगसंज्ञितम् ।स निश्चयेन  योक्तव्यो  योगो निर्वण्णचेतसा ॥२३।।

That state called Yoga which is free from the contact of sorrow,(in the form of transmigration ) should be known .Nay this  Yoga     should be resolutely practised  with an unwearied mind.                                                                                           

संकल्पप्रभवान्  कामांस्त्यक्त्वा  सर्वानशॆषतः ।मनसैवेन्द्रियग्रामं  विनियम्य  समन्ततः ॥२४॥

Completely renouncing  all desires arising from thoughts of the world,  and fully restraining  the whole pack of the senses  from all sides by the mind.

शनैः शनैः रुपरमॆद्  बुद्ध्या  धॄतिगृहीतया । आत्मसंस्थं मनः  कृत्वा न  किंचिदपि चिन्तयेत्  ॥२५॥

He should through  gradual practice  attain tranquility;  and fixing the mind on God, through reason controlled by  steadfastness  ,he should not think of anything else.

यतो यतो निश्चरति मनश्चञ्चलमस्थिरम्  ।ततस्ततो नियम्यैतदात्मन्येव  वशं नयेत् ॥२६।।

Drawing back the restless and fidgety mind from all those objects  after which it runs s he should repeatedly fix it on God.

प्रसान्तमनसंह्येनं  योगिनं सुखमुत्तमम् । उपैति शान्तरजसं  ब्रह्मभूतमकल्मषम् ॥२७।।

for to the Yogi whose mind is perfectly serene  who is sinless  whose passion is subdued  and who is identified with Brahma,  the embodiment of Truth  ,Knowledge and Bliss,  ,supreme happiness comes as a  matter of course.

युञ्जन्नेव सदात्मानं  योगी विगतकल्मषः ।सुखेन ब्रह्मसंस्पर्शं  अत्यन्तं सुखमश्नुते ॥२८॥

The sinless Yogi, thus uniting his self constantly with God,  easily enjoys the eternal Bliss,  of oneness with Brahma,.

सर्वभूतस्थमात्मानं सर्वभूतानिचात्मनि ।ईक्षते यॊगयुक्तात्मा सर्वत्रसमदर्शनः ।।२९॥

The Yogi who is united in identity with  the all-pervading  ,infinite consciousness and sees unity everywhere  ,beholds the Self present in all beings and all beings as assumed in the Self.

यो मां पश्यन्ति सर्वत्र सर्वे च मयि पश्यति । तस्याहं न प्रपश्यामि  स च मे प्रणश्यति ।।३०॥

He who sees Me (the Universal Self present in all beings and all beings existing in Me,  never loses sight of Me, and I never lose sight of him.

सर्वभूतस्थितंयो मां  भजत्येकत्वमाश्रितः ।सर्वथा वर्तमानोपि स योगी मयि वर्तते ॥३१॥

The Yogi who is established in union with Me ,and worships Me as residing  in all beings,  (as their very Self  abides in Me , no matter what he does.

आत्मौपम्येन सर्वत्र समं पश्यति योर्जुन ।सुखं वा य्दिवा दुःखं  स योगी परमो मतः ॥३२॥

Arjuna, he who looks on all  as one,  on the anology of his own self  and looks upon joy and sorrow  of all with a similar eye,  –such a Yogi is deemed highest of all.

अर्जुन उवाच ;- योयं योगस्त्वया प्रोक्तः साम्येन मधुसूदन । एतस्याहं न पश्यामि  चंचलत्वात् स्थितिं  स्थिरम्  ॥३३॥

Arjuna said ;-Krisna owing to restlessness of mind I do not percieve the stability of this Yoga  in the form of equability,  which you have just spoken of. 

चञ्चलं हि मनः कृष्ण  प्रमाधि बलवदृढम् ।तस्याहं निग्रहं मन्ये  वायोरिव सुदुष्करम् ॥३४॥

For , Krisna,  the mind is very unsteady  ,turbulant,  tenacious,  and powerful, ; therefore  I consider it as difficult,  to control as the wind.

श्री भगवानुवाच ;-  असंशयं महाबाहो मनो दुर्निग्रहं  चलम्  । अभ्यासेनतु कौन्तेय  वैराग्येण च मुच्यते ॥३५॥

Sri Bhagavan said ;- The mind is restless no doubt  , and difficult to curb,  ,Arjuna,  but it can be brought under control  by repeated practice  (of meditation )and by the exercise of dispassion. ,O, son of Kunti.

असंयतात्मनो योगो  दुष्प्राय इति मे मतिः । वश्यात्मना  तु यतता शक्योवाप्तुमुपायतः ॥३६ ॥

Yoga is difficult of achievement  for one whose mind is not subdued  . by him, however,  who has the mind under control, and is ceaselessly striving  it can be easily attained through practice, such is my conviction. 

अर्जुन उवाच ;-  अयति  श्रद्धयोपेर्तो   योगाश्चलितमानसः ।अप्राप्ययोगसंसिद्धिं  कां गति कृष्ण गच्छति ॥३७॥

Arjuna said :-Krisna, what becomes the soul who though endowed with faith , has not been able to subdue,  his passions,  and whose mind is  therefore diverted from Yoga(at the time of death)and who thus fails to reachperfecvtion in Yoga.  (God-Realization.)?

कश्चिन्नोभय विभ्रष्टश्छिन्नाभ्रमिव  नश्यति । अप्रतिष्ठो महाबाहो विमूढो ब्रह्मणः पथि ॥३८॥

Krisna, strayed from the path  leading to God-Realization, and without anything to stand upon ,,is he not lost like  the torn cloud, deprived of both God-realization, and heavenly enjoyment.?

एतन्मे संशयं कृष्ण  छॆत्तुमर्हस्यशॆषतः ।त्वदन्यः  संशयस्यास्य  छेत्तानह्युपपद्यते ॥३९॥

Krisna it behoves you to slash  this doubt of mine completely for none other than  You can be found  ,who can tear this doubt.

श्री भगवानुवाच ;- पार्थनैवाह नामुत्र  विनाशस्तस्य  विद्यते । न हि कल्याण कृत कश्चित दुर्गतिं तात गच्छति ॥ ४०।।

Sri Bhagavan said;-Dear Arjuna, there is no fall for him, either here or hereafter ,For none who strives for self -redemption(i.e. God-realization.  ever meets with evil destiny.

प्राप्यपुण्यकृतां  लोकानुषित्वा शाश्वतीः समाः । शुचीनां श्रीमतां  गेहे योगभ्रष्ठोभिजायस्ते ॥४१॥

He who has fallen from Yoga, obtains the higher worlds,(heaven etc., ) to which men of me meritorious deeds alone are entitledand having resided there for counteless years  takes birth in the house of pious and wealthy men.

अथवा योगिनामेव  कुले भवति  धीमताम्  ।  एतद्धि दुर्लभतरं  लोके जन्म यदीदृशम् ॥४२ ॥

Or (if je is possessed of dispassion ) he is born in the family of enlightened Yogis but such a birth in this world,  is very difficult to obtain.

तत्रतं बुद्धिसंयोगं  लभते पौर्वदेहिकम् ।यतते च ततो भूयः  संसिद्धौ  कुरुनन्दन ।।४३॥

Arjuna he automatically regains in that birth the spiritual insight of his previous births.and through that he strives , for perfection, in the form of God realization.,

 पूर्वाभ्यासेन  तेनैव  ह्रियते  ह्यवशॊपि सः । जिज्ञासुरपि  योगस्य  श्ब्दब्रह्मादि वर्तते ॥४४॥

The other one (who t5akes birth in rich family, though under the sw ay of his senses feels drawn towards God,  by force of the habit acquired in the previous birth.nay, even the seeker of enlightenment,on Yoga in the form of even mindedness, transends the    fruit of actions  performed with some interested motive as laid down in the Vedas.               

प्रयत्याद्यतमानस्तु  योगी संशुद्धकिल्मिषः  ।अनेकजन्मसंसिद्धिः ततॊ याति परांगतिम् ॥४५॥

The Yogi however who diligently  takes up the practice attains perfection in this very life with the help of latencies  of many birtus and being thoroughly perged of sin ,forthwith reaches the Supreme state.

तपस्विभ्योधिको  योगी ज्ञानिभ्योपि मतोधिकः । कर्मिभ्यश्चाधिकॊ  योगी तस्माद्योगी भवार्जुन ॥४६॥

The Yogi is superior to the ascetics ; he is regarded superior even to those versed in  sacred love.The Yogi is also superior to those who perform action with some interested motive.Therefore Arjuna do you become a Yogi.

योगिनामपि सर्वेषां  मद्गते नान्तरात्मना ।श्रद्धावान् भजते यो मां स मे युक्तमतो मतः ॥४७॥

Of all Yogis again he who devoutly worships Me, with his mind focussed on Me, is considered by Me to be the best Yogi.

 तत्सदिति श्रीमद्भगवद्गीतासु उप्निषत्सु ब्रह्म विद्यायां योगशास्त्रे श्री कृष्णार्जुन संवादे आत्मसंयमयोगो नाम षष्ठॊध्यायः

Thus in the Upanisad sung by the Lord,the science of Brahma,  the scripture of Yoga, the dialogue between Sri Krisna and Arjuna,  ends the sixth chapter “The Yoga of Self-control”.