श्रीराम जय राम जय जय राम, শ্ৰীৰাংজয়ৰাংজয়জয়ৰাং, শ্রীরাম জয় রাম জয় জয় রাম , શ્રીરામ જય રામ જયજય રામ, ಶ್ರೀರಾಮಜಯರಾಮಜಯಜಯರಾಮ, ശ്രിറാം ജയ് റാം ജയ്‌ ജയ് റാം, శ్రీరాంజయరాంజయజయరాం

Maha Sarasvati Temple, Basara, Andhra Paradesh

Maha Sarasvati Temple Basara –Andhra Paradesh

The temple of Goddes Saraswathi Devi is located in Basar Village on the left bank of river Godavari situated in Adilabad Dist. of Andhra Pradesh is having Pouranik and historical importance. This is the only one and unique temple of Goddess Saraswathi in South India. The history of the temple goes back to the times of ‘MAHABHARATHA’ which is nearly five thousand years old. The Goddes Saraswathi is known for initiation of “ AKSHARABYASA” and is also called as Sri Gnana Saraswathi.

Legend :Sri Veda Vyasa after the epic war of ‘Maha Bharatha’ traveled to south from North. He reached Dhandakaranya Sarsvati Temple Basara A.P.region and performed penace to please Goddess Saraswathi on the banks of holy river Godavari. Daily he used to wakeup by Brahma Muhurtha (early morning) and goes to holy Godavari for sacred bath and returns to his meditation place and engaged in his meditation till the sun set. There is a cave in this region where Veda Vyasa sit for penance it as entitled as ‘KUMARACHALA’ Due to the meditation performed by kumaraswamiji he used to pray by following words for the Goddes Saraswathi ‘Paramashanthi Pradayini’ ‘ Adrushyaroopini’ Because of Veda Vyasa’s meditation this region called as Tapobhoomi. Here Sri Veda Vyasa Rushi got darshan and blessings of Goddess Saraswathi.

In the passage of meditation period he got a dream, in that she ordered Veda Vyasa that every day before meditation he has to bring a feastful of sand from Godavari after sacred bath to this cave and keep it as three heaps. After some time from three heaps three deities appeared because of penance and meditation power of Saga Veda Vyasa as follows.

1. Maha Saraswathi  2. Maha Laxmi 3. Maha Kali

For these three deities Veda Vyasa made Prana Prasthista. As he stayed here for a long time this place was named ‘ VASARA’ in due course of time it became ‘ Baasar’.

The temple was built by Saga Veda Vyasa. During the period from 11th century to 18th century the temple and idols of goddess are attempted to destroy by Moghal Nawabs named Hanid Shahi, Kuthub Shahi, Barid Shahi. At that time one young man named Sri Makkaji Patel who belongs to Veera Shaiva of Renukapuram has tried to protect the temple from the attacks made by the Nawabs with the help of a gang of youngstars belonging to Ravindrapuram, Mahathpuram, Ratnapuram, Vyasapuram under the leadership of Makkaji Patel, the temple was protected from Muslims invasions.

Simhachalam

Simhachalam AP

It is one of the eighteen “Naarasimha Kshetras” i.e. shrines of Lord Narasimha in India. Simhachalam temple is known as the second richest temple in India (after Tirupati) earning a revenue of Rs. 520 million. The statue of the deity gives “nijaroopa darshan” (holy appearance in true form) for only 12 hours in a year i.e on Akshaya Tritiya day, the rest of the time the statue is covered with Sandalwood paste. The darshan described as ‘Chandana yatra’ or ‘Chandanotsavam’ falls every year in Vaisakha masa (May).

Legend: Kulottunga Chola I of Tamilnadu, made endowments to this temple, as evidenced from inscriptions dating back to the year 1087. The Vengi Chalukyas of Andhra Pradesh renovated the original shrine in the 11th century. Much of the structure as it stands to day is the result of renovation by Narasimha I, of the Eastern Ganga dynasty, in the second quarter of the 13th century CE. Krishna Deva Raya, the Vijayanagar monarch visited this temple in the year 1516, as seen from inscriptions here. There are as many as 525 inscriptions in this temple.

 This temple boasts of a beautiful stone chariot drawn by horses. The Kalyana Mandapa within the temple has 16 pillars with bas reliefs depicting the incarnations of Vishnu. Narasimha, the man lion incarnation of Vishnu is seen in several depictions throughout the temple.The artwork here has elements of similarity with that of Konark. Elephants, flowers and plants are portrayed in plenty. The outer walls of the sanctum depict images of a royal personality (said to be King Narasimha) in various postures.

Sri Kurmam

Sri Kurma natha which is the second avatar of Lord Vishnu, Kurma avatara(Tortoise) and this is the only temple of Kurmanatha in India.

Srikuramam temple AP

The moolasthanam (central piece) is considered to be large saligrama.[3] The Kurma(Turtle) is known as Sri Kurmam in the ‘Sampradayam’. The image is not a sculpture crafted by man, but the fossil of an actual (large-size) turtle, which must have paddled on to the ‘kshetram’ where the shrine has been built. The head of the diety is in the form of a Kurma(tortoise) and is represented by a Vishnu namam, the tail being represented by a Saligrama presented by Adi Sankaracharya. The artistic beauty of the temple lies in the carvings of Vishnu and other diety statues in a glorious way of architecture. There is a mandapam in front of the temple on Lion pillars. One unique feature of this temple is that it has Dhwajastambams in the front and back of the temple. That is because the deity faces the back of the temple on the west.

Legend : According to inscriptions in the temple dated 1281 A.D,[2] the holy place of Kürmakshetra, was actually reestablished by Sri Ramanujacharya under the influence of Jagannatha Deva at Jagannatha Puri, Orissa. Later the temple came under the jurisdiction of the King of Vijayanagara. The deity was worshiped by the Vaishnavas of the Madhvacharya Sampradäya. Some Oriya inscriptions are said to be written by Sri Narahari Teertha, who was in the disciplic succession of Madhavacharya. He later became the ruler of Kalinga Province(ancient Orissa) and fought with the Sabaras, and saved the temple of Kürma. Narahari Teertha was a very religious and powerful king who died in the Saka Era 1203. The temple was constructed and dedicated in the holy name of Yogananda Narasimhadeva. This temple was built in the Orissan temple architecture style.