51 shakti pitha
Situated at a distance of 8 Kms from Almora on the Mountain of Kashay.People came from far off places for their worship. Transport facility is available from Kath Godam railway station to the temple.
2)Â ARBUDA DEVI:
Situated on the hills of Abu, Arbudadevi is considered as one of the chief pedestal (Peetha) among all the 51 pedestals of ‘Shakti’. His temple is situated towards northwest of Abu town. Temple can be reached by climbing up the stairs. The main spot is situated in the cave, adjacent to the temple. There is a continuously burning lamp inside that cave and devotees have darshan of ‘Shakti’ in its light. A fair is organised on ‘Chaitra Purnima’ and Vijaya dashami. Abu road railway station is situated on the Delhi-Mumbai route. Transport facilities are available from there to the site of the temple.
3)Â HARSIDDHA MATA:
The pedestal of Harsiddha is situated at Ujjain the famous capital of Vikramaditya. It is near the famous Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga and across Rudra Sagar. People from far off places come here to do worship. There are many tales about the miracles of Harsiddamata.
4) SAT YATRA:
Situated at a distance of 3 miles east of ‘Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga’ and on the banks of river Narmada. It is considered to be a very important pedestal of Mother Shakti. It is also known as the sacred name of Saptamatrika temple, i.e. Brahmi, Maheshwari, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Narsinhi & Aindri. This pilgrimage has the temples of the above mentioned seven Shakti. The natural beauty is very attractive and beautiful.
This pedestal is situated in Calcutta. It in on the bank of river, Bhagirathi at a distance of 5 miles from Howrah railway station at a place named Kalighat. On this very spot the famous Kali temple is situated. This is one of the main pedestals of all the pedestals. Inside the temple there are the seats of mother ‘Trinayana’, ‘Raktambara’, ‘Mundmalini’ and ‘Mukta Keshi’. This pedestal is considered as the most sacred in whole of Bengal and there are numerous and infinite miracles connected with it. Ramkrishna Paramhansa had the blessings of mother Kali.
There are also the other Pedstaks of Sarva Mangala, Tara, Sundari, Sinh Vahini, Kali having thousand hands etc in Calcutta.
The temple of Guhyeshwari is situated at Kathmandu in Nepal, near the famous temple of Pashupati and on the bank of river Bagmati. Mother Guhyeshwari is revered in whole of Nepal. During the Navratra festival the king of Nepal accompanied by his families has the darshan after talking a holy bath in the river Bagmati.
There is an ancient temple of Bhagawati Kalika hears Kalka junction situated on the Delhi-Shimla route. Tormented by the demons Shumbha-Nishumbha the deities went to the Himalayas to do penance to please Lord Vishnu.
Goddess Parvati manifested and asked them as to whom they were eulogizing. Instantly there was a manifestation of other form Shiva from her appearance and this form gave the reply herself that ‘They are eulogizing me.’
This second form of mother Shiva was named Kaushiki as she manifested from the cells of the body of mother Parvati and has her pedestal at Almora. The other form was named Kalka because of her dark complexion and has her abode at ‘Kalka’.
Goddess Mahakali, Mahalaxmi and Mahasarswati have their pedestals in the power-triangle situated at Varanasi. The idol of Mahalaxmi, which is situated at Laxmi-Kund (name of a pool of water), is also accompanied by the idols of goddess Mahakali and goddess Mahasaraswati. The ancient idol of goddess ‘Vageeshwari’ is situated under the temple and in a cave.
Along with these three ‘Shakti-Peeth’, the existence of three ‘Kunds’ have also been mentioned in the scriptures but only two of these three ‘Kunds’ exist today. They are ‘Durga-Kund’ and ‘Laxmi-Kund’.
A part from these three ‘Shakti-Peetha (pedestal of power) There is also an abode of ‘Nav-durga’ (nine Durgas) at Varanasi. The name of this Navdurge are ‘Shailputri’, ‘Brahmcharini’, `Chandraghanta’, ‘Kusmanda’, ‘Skand mata’, Katyayani’, ‘Kal-Ratri’, ‘MahaGauri’ and ‘Siddhi-datri’.
Mahagauri the presiding deity of Kashi and who is also known as ‘Annapurna’ is situated in the heart of Varanasi.
The greatness of these great pedestals is indescribable in words and people from every corner of India come here to do worship.
9)Â VIDDYESHWARI PEETHA:
The ancient temple of Viddyeshwari is situated at Kangra in
Himachal Pradesh. Kangra railway station is situated between Pathankot and Yogindranagar on the main route.
This temple is one of the chief pedestals and according to the scriptures the ‘head of Sati’ fell at this place. The idol, which is established in the temple, consists only of head, which has the shade of a golden umbrella. Devotees come here not only from Punjab but from all over India. A Kund (pond) is also situated in the temple compound.
10)Â MAHALAXMI PEETHA:
The pedestal of Mahalaxmi is situated at Kolhapur, where the descendants of Shivaji ruled once upon a time. According to the mentions made in ‘Devi Bhagwat’ and ‘Matasya-Puran’ this pedestal is one of the most sacred pedestals, which gives accomplishment.
There is not any other place in whole of Maharashtra as sacred and accomplishment giving as this pedestal. Lakhs of people make a pilgrimage every year.
The temple of Yogmaya is situated some 15 miles north to Srinagar, the Capital of Kashmir. It is also known as ‘Ksheer Bhawani Yogmaya temple.
It is established on a island surrounded by water on all sides. The changed colour of this water foretells the auspiciousness and inauspiciousness of any desire or wish. A big fair is organised on Jyeshtha.
12)Â AMBA DEVI:
The temple of goddess Amba devi is situated in Kathiawar on the hills of Girnar in Jungarh. The temple is established at a great height and to reach there a devotee has to climb 6000 steps and also has to cross all its three peaks.
On each of the three peaks are established the temples of goddess Ambadevi, Gorakshanath and Dattatreya.
The giant idol of goddess Ambadevi appears very volatile in the deep forest. There is also a temple of goddess Kali in a cave where many devotees are found.
13)Â KAMAKHYA PEETHA:
The famous ‘Siddh Peeth’ of goddess Kamakhya is situated at a distance of 2 miles west of Gauhati in Assam. According to the ‘Kalika-Puran’ private organ of goddess Sati fell at his place. The sacred pilgrimage is situated in the darkness of a cave and it is also known as ‘Yoni-Peeth’. There is only a pond (Kund) at this place, which is covered by flowers. Near by there is also a temple in which an idol of ‘Bhagawati’ is established. This Peeth is called as ‘Maha-Kshetra’ (Supreme place). Only Vindhyavasini temple and Jwalamukhi temple can be compared with it regarding sanctity.
It is said that goddess Bhagawati menstruates every month. At that time the priests colour a fresh piece of cloth with the menstruated blood and give it to the devotees as ‘Prasad’. The famous ‘Kamrup’ is situated at a distance of 16 miles. The tales of the mesmerizing powers of women living there are famous too.
14)Â BHAWANI PEETHA:
There is a sacred pilgrimage called Sitakund situated at a distance of 24 miles from Chittagong. The temple of goddess Bhawani is established at the peak of Chandrashekar Mountains situated nearby. There is a pond named ‘Varav’, which is constantly engulfed with fire and never distinguishes. Fire comes out from the rocks too situated nearby.
15)Â KALIKA PEETHA:
The ancient temple of goddess Kalika is established inside the histrocial fort of Chittor-garh. There is a constantly burning lamp in this temple and on each of its pillars images are carved. The temples of ‘Tuloja-Bhawani’ and ‘Annapurna’ are also established within the premises of this Fort.
16)Â CHINT PURNI:
While travelling towards at a distance of 30 miles from Hoshiarpur, the abode of chint purni is situated amidst dense mountaneous region. The power-triad, which is situated in the famous valley of Kangra, has the abodes of Chintpurni, Jwalamukhi and Viddyeshwari of Kangra respectively at the three ends. These three power pedestals attract lakhs of devotees
17)Â THE PEDESTAL OF GODDESS DURGA:
The temple of goddess Durga is situated two miles south of Chunar railway station, in a cave of the mountain of Vindhya. The entrance of the temple is very narrow and resembles like a window. One can enter through this only in a sitting position. There is adequate space inside the temple. The idol of goddess Durga is very enchanting and produces instant devotion in the hearts of devotees and the prevailing atmosphere is very conducive for doing worship. The water of the spring nearby flows in the shape of a rivulet.
18)Â JANAK NANDINI:
Janakpur is presently situated in Nepal. It can be reached from Janakpur road railway station. This the very place where, the daughter of Janak Sita manifested. People come from far off places.
19)Â GAURI SHANKARJI:
Situated at a distance of 12 miles from Jabalpur, there is a famous falls at Bheraghat. There are huge marble rocks spread over a mile by the side of river Narmada. On these very rocks is situated the temple of Gaurishankar in which there are seats of 64 yoginis. These idols have the shape and size of a human being and have been carved out on the basis of Tantric-method.
This is situated in the district of Kangra & at the base of the mountain. Thousands of people visit this place every year to perform their worships and receive her blessings.
Goddess Jwalamukhi is the other manifestation of the same goddess Sati. The tongue of Sati had fallen here. There are self-illuminating lamps inside the temple and milk are offered to these lamps. Jwalamukhi road station is situated at a distance of 13 miles from the temple. Transport facility is available from the railway station to the temple site.
The famous temple of Balaji, situated at Thiruanatpuram, is considered as the most sacro-sanet in whole of south India. At a distance of 3 miles from this temple, is situated the famous pedestal of Padmavati, at a place called Chnita noor.
The famous temple of Rukmini and Satyabhama is situated at Dwarka. The royal magnificence of this temple reminds the splendours of Dwarka during Lord Krishna time.
23)Â PATESHWARI PEETHA:
The temple of goddess Pateshwari was established by Karma during Mahabharata by emperor Vikramaditya. In due course of time it became the seat of Natha-Sect and it affairs are still looked after by them.
The temple of goddess Pateshwari is established on a hillock at a place called Devipatan.
There are two pedestals of power in Delhi – The ancient and modern capital of India. The temple of Yogmaya is situated near the famous Kutub-minar. It is said that Yogmaya was the house-hold goddess of Prithviraj Chauhan. Though there is no presence of any idol inside the temple yet goddess is present in the form of Yonirupa (form of woman’s private organ).
The other pedestal is situated at a distance of 6 miles in a village called Okhla. Established on a hillock. The temple construction is unique in its own way and resembles a Octagon. Offerings of large fans are made as per the customs and traditions.
25)Â SAHASTRA CHANDI:
Two famous temples of Sahastra Chandi and Rukmini are situated at Nagpur in central India. Devotees come from far off places to do their worship.
26)Â NAYANA DEVI:
Goddess Nayana Devi is very famous in the Kumayun region of Himachal Pradesh. The place has been named as Nainital because of her. There is a very big lake amidst the mountains, which is full of water. According to the Skanda Puran the name of this lake is Tri-rishi Sarovar. The three sages after whom this lake was named were Sage Atri, Sage pulastya and Sage Pulaha. The temple of Nayana Devi is situated on the banks of this very lake. An earthquake has destroyed the ancient temple in the year 1880. The present temple is 50 years old.
27)Â PATHANKOT DEVI:
There are the ruins of a fort of the times of Hindu kings at Pathankot. Among the ruins lies the pedestal of an ancient goddess, which is being worshipped since the time immemorial.
28)Â RUKMINI, SATYABHAMA, MAHALAXMI & RADHIKA:
The famous temple of Vithoba (another name of Krishna) situated at Pandharpur in Maharashtra has also separate temples of his (Vithoba’s) three queen consorts i.e. Rukmini, Satyabhama, Mahalaxmi & Radhika.
29)Â CHANDIKA DEVI:
The famous pedestal of Chandika devi is situated at Prayag in the district of Allahabad. People come here from far off places for the accomplishment of various rites connected with their children like ‘MUNDAN’ (shaving of the hairs of head) etc.
The Sanctity of the famous temple of Parvati of Poona is acknowledged in whole of the Maharashtra. Its location amidst the mountains and also its architecture is very captivating.
The ancient temple of goddess Bhavani – the house hold deity of Shivaji is situated in the very district at a place called Pratapgarh.
Being pleased by Shivaji penance goddess Bhagawati presented a divine axe to him. Which helped him to conquer his opponents.
31)Â THE PEDESTAL OF KALIKA:
In the district of Almora a railway line goes to Tanakpur passing through Pilibhit, situated at a distance of 8 miles from Tanakpur and on the bank of river Sharada, touching the boundary of Nepal, is the pedestal of goddess Kalika at a place called Purnagiri.
Though the slope of the mountain is very steep yet the devotees reach there without any difficulty by the blessings of goddess.
There are many temples on the mountain but the main attraction is the pedestal of goddess Kalika situated at the height of 3000 feet.
The ancient seat of the goddess Bhavani is covered with snow and on insistence the priests help the devotees in sighting it.
Impure men and women having their menstruation are not allowed to climb this mountain if they dare, they became blind. This is one of the main pedestals.
32)Â MAHATRIPUR SUNDARI:
In the district of Farrukhabad, there is a place called ‘Tirva’ where the huge idol of goddess Mahatripur Sundari is established upon a mystical diagram of Sriyantra.
Among the common people it is known as the temple of goddess Annapurna. At Kannuj, which also comes under the district of Farukhabad there are many temples which are hundred of years old, especially the temple of Sinh Vahini which are considered to be approximetely 1400-1500 years old. The pedestal of goddess Kshemkalika is considered to be contemporary of Jayachand.
The temple of goddess Maheshwari situated in the district of Banda, is very ancient. Supreme devotees have done penances here. The name ‘Banda’ has derived from Apurva-Vam-deva lings’ situated on the mountain of Vam deveshwar nearby the temple of Maheswari.
34)Â YOGINI PEETHA:
In Bhuvaneshwar and at the bank of Padhara lake, there are temples of 108 different yoginis. This place is held in very high esteem among all the 51 Shakti Peeth.
35)Â RADHIKA RANI:
There is a very ancient pedestal of Radhika rani situated at Barsane in the district of Mathura. This temple resembles a fort special festivals are organised here during Holi.
36)Â MEENAKSHI DEVI:
The temple of goddess Meenakshi is situated at Madurai in south-India. This is the most famous temple of Devi of South-India. At its entrance there are idols of eight Laxmi. On each of the pillars an image of goddess Laxmi is carved out and these pillars also give support to the roof of the temple.
The divine narration connected with Parvati, like her birth, her penance, her marriage with Lord Shiva, the birth of Ganesha, have been carved on the roof.
Inside the temple on the pillars surrounding Padma Taran are carved different postures of Lord Shiva describing his divine activities.
The idols of Navagraha of this temple are also a centre of attraction.
37)Â MATA KURIKA DEVI:
The famous temple of Mata Kurika is situated at ‘Sahakar Peth’ is Madras City. Women make the offering of Sweet rice cooked in the fire, which has dry cow dung-cakes as its fuel. The people of South-India immense faith in her. The method of worship too is quite strange. As soon as a devotee comes in front of Mata Kurika he starts punching his head with his fists and dances by holding his ears.
38)Â MUMBA DEVI:
There are three pedestals of goddess in Mumbai. They are Mumba Devi, Kalba Devi and Mahalaxmi. All these three temples are very ancient. Mahalaxmi temple situated on the coast of Sea is a treat to eyes. There is a large pond near the temple of Mumba devi.
39)Â CHAMUNDA PEETHS:
The presiding deity of the state of Mysore is goddess Chamunda. The huge and magnificent temple of goddess Chamunda is situated on the hills at the outskirts of Mysore. There are cemented stairs to return the temple. There is also a huge idol of Nandi nearby the Chamunda temple. The local people call goddess Chamunda ‘Bherunda’.
40)Â SHARDA PEETHA:
The temple of Sharaa, the household deity of ‘Alha’ is situated on the hills, at Maihar. This seat of goddess is very powerful and gives great accomplishment.
41)Â VINDHYAVASINI DEVI:
The famous temple of goddess Vindhyavasini is situated on the hills of Vindhyachal, four miles west of Mirzapur and on the bank of river ganges. She is the same goddess whom Vasudeva had exchanged with Lord Krishna and who had forecasted the death of Kansa. This pedestal of goddess in one of the most powerful seats of ‘Shakti’.
The person triads established here consist of Vindhyavasini (Mahalaxmi), Goddess Kali established in a cave (Mahakali) and Ashtabhuja (Mahasarswati) established on the hill. Lakhs of devotees come here every year.
42)Â KOTIKI DEVI:
The famous pedestal of power, Kotiki devi is situated a Shimla near the bungalow of viceroy. Famous temple of ‘Tara devi’ is situated near the Tara-Devi railway station. There is also a very ancient temple of goddess near Kandaghat railway station. People come to all these places from all over India.
43)Â BRAHMARAMBA DEVI:
The famous Shakti peeth of Brahmaramba devi is situated on the Shri Shoul mountain, near the same place where ‘Mallikarjun’ Jyotirlinga’ is established in the province of Tamil Nadu and at the bank of river Krishna, The mountain has been named after her and is known as Brahmagiri. The natural beauty of this place is undescribable.
44)Â MATAJI DEVI PEETHA:
The temple is situated near Sambhar lake, where salt manufacturing factories are situated. This temple is very ancient and is known as Mataji. This temple is held in high reverence in the Rajputana region of Rajasthan.
45)Â CHANDI DEVI:
There is a ‘Power-triad’ at Haridwar. At the one end is established goddess Chandi devi on Neel Mountain.
The second is goddess Parvati of Daksheshwar. This is the very place where Daksha performed a Yagya and Sati had killed herself by jumping into the Sacrifical fire.
The third is goddess Mansadevi who has her abode on Vilva mountain
courtesy www. urday.in