Reasons for China’s annexation of Tibet: To understand the basic character of China, it is very important that we delve a little into the reasons and history behind China’s accession of Tibet. In reality, Tibet was never a part of China. Tibet has been a free and autonomous area. We find instances of China sending its ambassador to Tibet in the 7th century. Tibet’s rule has extended till Mongolia. Tibet is also known as the ‘roof of the world.’ The location of Tibet is strategically important to occupy Asia. This is why China has cast its evil eye on Tibet. This is well-known to everyone; however, everyone is astonished, now that another reason for the same has come to light. Tibet is also known as the biggest source of water in the world. China can use this water-resource in a very effective manner, no one seems to have gauged this so far. A number of rivers like Sutlej, Indus, Brahmaputra, Mekong, Aruna, Yangjee, Nujiang, Mitsoen etc originate from Tibet. Not only do these rivers flow through India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, they are also the life-line of these countries. China wants to control these countries by building dams on these rivers. By stopping the flow of these rivers, it can create a drought and by opening the flood gates, it can bring floods in the same area. It has already used the weapon of flood against India in the Sutlej. The world was aghast when it came to know that it was not a natural disaster but a China-induced one. Because of the numerous dams built across Mekong and Yangjee, there is now a drought-like situation in Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar. The water-level has gone down in these countries. This is what China is doing with India too. In building a dam on the Brahmaputra, they are going to kill the lifeline of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. In fact, it has already built so many dams on the Brahmaputra. When India expressed its displeasure to this, it assured India that it would not carry out any such activities and the powers-that-be at the helm of India’s affairs were fooled into accepting the assurance; isn’t this hilarious? There are now two ponds that have been created on this river. Yet, China says that it has happened due to landslides. There are four tunnels as well and an 8000 MW power project is also in place. The Chinese army has taken position to protect the project. NASA photographs have proved that these ponds are man-made. Now, water from these ponds will be pumped to the northern part of China. There are now plans to arrest the waters of Indus and Sutlej too. These projects will be completed by 2015. Once completed, India will get only 20% of the water. One can easily gauge the after-effects of such a plan. China has been saying that the water from these rivers will not be stopped but can we trust China on this? Had China provided us any information regarding these projects in the first place? Even we were unaware of it, as long as we had not received the satellite images of the projects. These dams can be used against India in an even deadlier way than a nuclear bomb. India has still not been able to gauge the level of this danger; it must now come out of its hibernation.
Did China pose these dangers to India from nowhere?: Was there no one in India who could understand China’s evil intentions towards India? Could it have happened that China suddenly, from nowhere, has become aggressive towards India? When we try to find answers to these basic questions, we find that this is not so. Two stalwarts of India had always been warning Nehru of the impending dangers from China. Not only did Nehru criminally overlook the warnings from the two stalwarts, he also mocked at them. These two great people were, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel and the second one, the Sarsanghchalak of the RSS, Shree Madavrao, Sadashivrao Golwalkar. Patel, in his descriptive letter of Novermber 7, 1950 to Nehru, had not only warned Nehru of the dangers from China but also stated the ways to face the dangers. It would be relevant to bring some of those points in a discussion today. A few of those points are below:
1) The people of Tibet reposed their faith in us, however, we could not live upto their expectations.
2) While engaging us in talks, China made war preparations in Tibet
3) We consider China our friend, but China does not. The communist policy of China states, “Those who are not with us, are our enemies.”
4) The circumstances tell us that China will occupy Tibet and dominate us from there. We see a possible foe in China.
5) China is not only eyeing the Himalayan plateau but even Assam. Burma is also on its radar.
A serious discussion needs to take place because of the dangers posed by China on the above mentioned points. Sardar Patel also gave a few suggestions to Nehru in these letters which are as follows:
1) The army should be positioned on the disputed territories. There should be a review of the military capability in line with the new challenges that are being posed. Consequently, a long-term plan should be chalked out to upgrade our military capabilities. Dangers from the north, west, east and north-east should be given prime importance.
2) China should not be allowed to strengthen itself in the UN, because the way it is threatening us and occupying Tibet, the situation is getting from bad to worse.
3) In order to strengthen the borders, strong administrative and political measures should be taken. Internal security of the border areas of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Bengal and Assam should be strengthened. The communication, road and rail network should be improved.
4) Our policy with regard to the Mac Mohan line should be made clear. The security of our trade routes with Tibet should be improved. We can stop China from making much headway by giving attention to Burma.
A cursory look at the above mentioned facts of the letter prove what a great visionary Sardar Patel was, how Sardar Patel had make a micro-analysis of the threats that China could pose to India. But, Nehruji ignored his advice. The nation has been facing the music because if his ignorance till date. It seems that like other problems, the China and Tibet problem too is a gift bequeathed to us by Nehru . Unfortunately, even today, his descendants only are ruling the country. Like him, they too are unaware of the problems facing the country and are only further taking the country down into vortex of many other problems. The society will have to work hard towards getting them out of the stupor. The circumstances that we find ourselves in, today, are in fact, conducive to taking on the challenges faced by China.
1) Of the total produce in China, a whopping 15% comes from the real estate sector. Half of the steel and cement produced in the world is being consumed by China. The most expensive property market in the word is that of China’s. The citizens have taken loans at high rates but now the rates are falling down. If this market collapses, China too will collapse. The experience of America can be replicated in China. China is worried about this. We can use this opportunity to bring China under pressure.
2) The economic situation in China is going to become adverse. The property market that has been built on a loan of 100 crore dollars is going to crumble. The easy availability of low wage labour will not always be around; this will lead to a downslide in its exports. India must make the most out of this opportunity.
3) Internal dissensions in China are on the rise. Violence is on the rise in Mongolia and Xinxiang. The new generation in Tibet is getting angry with Dalai Lama and also aggressive. They are also getting international support. Taking help from this, one can express our support for Tibet more strongly. India has, in fact shown some strong support and the positive results can very well be seen.
4) On the global stage, China is facing an adverse situation. India has defeated China in the election of a UNO agency meant to keep vigilance in the ocean. It has also defeated China in another election. In fact, the world is looking at China as a prospective threat. That is why we could get their support .
5) The Americans are increasing their presence in the India Ocean considering the increasing Chinese threat perception. It is distracted by Pakistan too and does not want the Pakistan-China axis to develop. To stop the Chinese dragon, it is now moving towards India.
6) India should pursue its ‘Go East’ policy vigorously. All the countries in the east desperately want to come out of the clutches of China. They can get this opportunity by having good relation with India. We should have a rethink on our policies with Vietnam, Brunei, Philippines, Myanmar, and Nepal etc.
7) A relook on our military capabilities with respect to the new threats is very important. The army will have to be made war-ready for facing China in any area.
Today, it is essential that we formulate a comprehensive and composite policy to counter the Chinese threat taking into account all the problem areas. There can be no ad hocism in the policy when it comes to dealing with China. Today the circumstances are in India’s favour and India has the ability to defeat China.