The total population of this landlocked Himalayan country is 6 lakhs. 75% of them are Buddhists and 25% Hindu known as Lothsampa Hindus that have been living in Bhutan for centuries. They speak a Nepali-Hindi assorted language. In order to consolidate its power, the royal government of Bhutan drove out from the country over 1 lakh Hindus and 50 thousand Nigmapa Buddhists in 1989, and these refugees are now living in pitiable conditions in the refugee camps in Nepal. The Government of Nepal has also imposed various forms of restrictions on them. The Parishad has been conducting campaigns internationally to restore their human rights and their dignified return home in Bhutan. Also, certain activity has been started in Nepal, amongst the people staying in the refugee camps in Nepal.